, Long Island City, New York

Sunday Morning by Thomas Hart Benton

Thomas Hart Benton Biography

Acclaimed American painter, Thomas Hart Benton is considered to be the most important painter of the AMERICAN SCENE MOVEMENT, a style he helped create.

His paintings and graphic prints included subject matter that was uniquely American as well as specific to his state of Missouri, and that combined elements of modernism and realism. His signature painting was regionalist genre, especially laboring figures. In addition to many murals, he also painted landscapes and portraits.

Benton was a highly intelligent, energetic, flamboyant, pugnacious and hard drinking fellow, who quite often found himself in the center of controversy. As a student, he was unruly and alienated many of his peers and teachers.

In 1907-1908, he studied with Frederick OSWALD at the Art Institute of Chicago and then studied in Paris for three years including briefly at the Academie Julian under Jean-Paul LAURENS and for a longer period at the Academie Collarossi, where he could work independently.

In 1911, Colonel Benton decided he could no longer support his son in Paris, so Thomas moved to New York. Between 1910 and 1920, he experimented with Impressionist, Neo- Impressionist, Post-Impressionist, and Synchromist styles, the last influenced by his friend, Stanton MacDonald-Wright. For much of this time, he was a dedicated modernist, but a fire destroyed most of the examples of his painting from this time period.

His draftsman experience in the Navy, 1918-19, led to his American Scene realist style beginning with a mural, "The American Historical Epic" for the New School of Social Research in New York City. This work earned much respect for mural painting and was key to the support of artists in the Federal Art Projects.

His murals at the Missouri State Capitol in Jefferson City are major American Scene murals, and in 1957, he was commissioned by Robert Moses, chairman of the board of the Power Authority of the State of New York to paint a mural for the Power Authority at Massena.

The early part of his career he lived in New York City where he taught at the Art Students League and became a major influence on the style of gestural painter, Jackson POLLOCK. But increasingly Benton grew to believe that art should express one's surroundings rather than abstract ideas and that the ordinary person most exemplified American life. Many of these ideas he inherited from his Populist father who served as a Congressman from Missouri from 1897 to 1905.

From 1935, he established a studio in Kansas City from where he painted for the next forty years until his death at age 86.

He was both a prolific lithographer, completing 80 lithographs between 1929 and 1945, and writer including two autobiographies, "An Artist in America," and "An American Art." Fellow Missourian and former United States President Harry TRUMAN called Brenton "the best damned painter in America."

©2009 PicassoMio - All rights reserved.